He originated the concept of Lebensraum, or “living space,” which relates human groups to the spatial units where they develop. Though Ratzel pointed out the. in the work of Friedrich Ratzel and his formulation of the concept of Lebensraum. The paper argues that the Ratzelian Lebensraum must be viewed as a concept. The concept of Lebensraum—or “living space”—served as a critical component in Renowned German geographer Friedrich Ratzel coined the term in

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This page has been archived and is no longer updated. His famous essay Lebensraumfor example, dealt with the topic of biogeography. A Century of Geopolitical Thoughteds. We take up where we broke off six hundred years ago. Ratzel, whose early studies were in biology and anthropology, was much influenced by Darwinian thinking when linking human societies to their physical environments.

Ein Beitrag zur Cultur- und Handelsgeographie. Lebenseaum and the Lebensrzum World Wars [24]. The Raum-motiv is a historically-driving force, pushing peoples with great Kultur to naturally expand.

Original quotation in German: Racism usually is not a concept integral to the ideology of territorial expansionism ; nor to the original meaning of the term Lebensraum “biological habitat”as defined by the ethnographer and geographer Friedrich Ratzel. During his period in Landsberg prison where he had been incarcerated following the failure of his notorious Munich beer hall coup in Novemberhe read and discussed Ratzel’s work and other geopolitical literature provided by a Munich Professor of Geography, Karl Haushofer, and fellow-prisoner Rudolf Hess.

Until then, states with their borders were considered static, bound to a certain geographic location. A geographer initially trained as a biologist, he simply tried to apply ecological and evolutionary concepts in his studies of political and economic development Overbeck We must examine each particular case.

Lebensraum – Wikipedia

The German geographer Friedrich Ratzel was the author of several books friedich ethnology and human and political geography in which he described his observations during extensive travels in Europe and the Americas. Hitler rejected the restoration of the pre-war borders of Germany as an inadequate frieerich towards reducing purported national overpopulation. Polish Western Affairs, Vol.


Popular German acceptance of the atrocities was achieved by way of Nazi propaganda print, radio, cinemaa key factor behind the manufactured consent that justified German brutality towards civilians; by continually manipulating the national psychology, the Nazis convinced the German people to believe that Jews and Slavs were Untermenschen subhumans.

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Since the end of the Second World War —45the term Lebensraum has used in relation to different countries throughout the world, including China [] []Egypt [] []Israel [] lebensdaum [] [] []Poland [] and the United States []. The Political Poisoning of Geography. In his notorious book Germany and the Next Warpublished inBernhardi used many of Ratzel’s ideas to advocate using a victorious war to gain space in eastern Europe for the settlement of peasant farmers.

Indeed, duringhe blamed Germany’s pre-war politicians for supporting Austria-Hungary friiedrich Russia.

Friedrich Ratzel |

This space in Russia must always be dominated by Germans. In addition, German troops held the Crimeaand were stationed, in smaller numbers, in Transcaucasia. Hitler’s Germany, Stalin’s Russiap.

It used to be thought that these were the plans of a few crack-pot theorisers or of extremist organisations.

Through his writings, Ratzel created a foundation ldbensraum the uniquely German variant of geopolitics — geopolitik. The Nazi Persecution and Murder of the Jewsp. Frank Cass,p. The Israeli government began to expropriate more Arab land as Lebensraum for Jewish agricultural rather than strategic settlements and to take water traditionally used by local farmers.

Goebbels and the Nazi media campaign, p. Die geographische Verbreitung des Menschen, 3d ed. Since there is no natural protection against such a flood, we must meet it with a living wall. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jeremy Noakes is professor of history at the University of Exeter. Informed by the blood and soil Blut und Boden beliefs of ethnic identity—a philosophic basis of Lebensraum —Nazi policy required destroying the USSR for the lands of Russia to become the granary of Germany.

Cities, War and Terrorism: And why did he envisage his country’s future living space lying in the east? Inhe accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig.


These were indeed a “blueprint for aggression”, or, as the professor called them, “a grasp at world power”: Moreover, the geopolitical interpretations of national living-space of the academic Karl Haushofer a teacher of Rudolf HessHitler’s deputyprovided Adolf Hitler with the intellectual, academic, and scientific rationalisations that justified the territorial expansion of Germany, by the natural right of the German Aryan race, to expand into, occupy, and exploit the lands of other countries, regardless of the native populations.

Image and Reality of the Israel—Palestine Conflict. This self-centered viewpoint provided justification for the expansion of Germany and the subsequent suffering those in other nations, as well as support for social Darwinist rationalization for imperialist and racist policies generally.


The Ideological Origins of Nazi Imperialism. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. To manage the ethnic, racial, and political populations of the USSR, the German Army lebensram organized collaborationistanti-Communist, puppet governments in the Reichskomissariat Ostland —45 and the Reichskommissariat Ukraine — He published his work on political geographyPolitische Geographiein Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll frkedrich it to the article.

Studies of the homeland focused on the lost colonies after the rebirth of sovereign Poland which was ratified by the Treaty of Versailles Volk friedrkch Raumas well as the “eternal Jewish threat” Der ewige Jude If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

On the German People and its Territory meant to influence the rank-and-file Hitler Youth about the necessity of Nazi racist practices in obtaining Lebensraum for the German people.

Retrieved from ” https: At long last, we break off the colonial and commercial policy of the pre—War period and shift to the soil policy of the future.