Revision: Published Date: January ; Status: Superseded By: Superseded By : ASME B; Document Language: Published By: ASME International (ASME). ASME B Surface Texture (Surface Roughness, Waviness, and Lay) By: ASME International (ASME); Page Count: ; ANSI Approved: Yes; DoD. ASME B Ssk. Surface Skewness. ISO /1. ASME B ISO/DIS 2. ASME B Sku. Surface Kurtosis. ANSI B ASME B ISO/DIS.

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For non-integer values of and anxi, the value of F u pv q is found by linear interpolation between the values of F u pv q in the 2×2 neighboring pixels.

Note, that since SPIP version 4. Note, also that roughness values depends strongly on measurement conditions especially scan range and sample density.

Surface Finish and Its Measurement, J. The stylus itself is fragile and the sharp stylus also has the potential for damaging the surface as well.

ANSI-ASME B46.1-1985.pdf

Compare that to what you can get with a high resolution stylus instrument on a similar laser gyro mirror Fig. This interferometer once again has the advantage of not requiring a reference mirror. In the following paragraphs, a few of these quantities are described.

Aeme 2 – Processes. Subscription pricing is determined by: The only movement is the vertical movement of the piezo transducer over a total amplitude of approximately one-half wavelength of light.

Precision Optical Testing, Science asne This can produce very stable motion and very low mechanical noise on the order of 0. One is the versatility of the stylus instrument, which has the best ratio of range to resolution of the three, both in the lateral and in the vertical direction. Figure is a map of a diamond- turned surface machined with a feed of nm.

Dimensions of Restriction Orifice Plates for ASME B Raised Face Flanges

One facet of this attention is the correct measurement of surface texture to obtain quantitative descriptors. The spatial properties are described by five parameters.


In the optical and x-ray fields, basically the smoother the components are, the better. These include standard ones in the automotive and other metal working industries that often involve sliding components. For the high resolution instrument, the noise is considerably lower than it is for the low resolution instrument. These, in turn, can be classified into systematic errors and random errors.

That is, over what spatial frequency range is your instrument sensitive? To review, roughness consists of the closely spaced irregularities, such as may be produced by cutting tool marks or the grit of a grinding wheel; waviness consists of the more widely spaced irregularities that might be due to the vibration of the tool or workpiece.

Aircraft 23, 56 The calculation of the digital Fourier transform in Eq. Figure shows the conjugate experiment. In addition to these average height parameters, extreme height parameters have been defined for one application or another. The stylus hangs from an assembly that rotates about the flexure pivot.

Second, there are the instrumental errors due to digitization, sampling, and nonlinearity that occurs when the instrument is calibrated. The first source of random error is the uniformity of the calibration step height. This one is called a linear variable differential transformer LVDT.

There is a light source and a set of lenses and apertures that bring the light down to an objective that illuminates the surface and collects the reflected light. The rms roughness calculated from the three overlaid traces shown ansj 0. We now discuss modern instruments that have been enhanced by electronic means.

These filters have linear phase characteristics and they are generally referred to as phase-corrected filters in the context of surface profile analysis. The PSD is useful for studying the strengths of various periodic components in the surface profile and for comparing these with the strength of the broad spectrum due to the random components.


Additional information on the NIST surface measurement system is contained in the adme articles which may be obtained from the authors. Overall it is recommended that a Surface Texture should only be specified on a drawing when it is important to the function of the end product.

The amount of tilt between the reference flat and the specimen determines the spacing of the fringes and that spacing calibrates the scale of the peaks and valleys that are measured on each individual fringe. The model took into account two things: This instrument is one that would ordinarily be used in a metrology lab, rather than on the shop floor.

When a voltage is applied between the two, electrical current flows across the vacuum barrier. A source of light from the bottom A is incident on a beam splitter MOne part of the beam goes to a as,e flat R and is reflected.

Surface Texture: (surface Roughness, Waviness, and Lay) : ANSI/ASME B – Google Books

Each point in the graph corresponds to the normalized power in a circle anso frequency pixel wide in the squared FFT image the Power Spectrum Image. We generally prefer the terms “texture” and “roughness” to “finish” and will use those almost exclusively.

The magnitude of that current is extremely sensitive to the distance of the 98 Figure 1 Dynamic focusing me a su r i ng p. However, counterexamples exist in asmw research literature.